Therefore, first identify glaucoma, its causes and its symptoms.
What is glaucoma?
In connection with the page of the JEC eye clinic Jec.com Monday (12/10/2018), glaucoma is an eye disease characterized by lesions of the eye nerve. It is linked to increased eyeball pressure and vision problems in the field. The damage is permanent and can lead to blindness.
Glaucoma can damage vision slowly, so patients often do not realize the damage that has finally entered the advanced stage.
The mechanism of glaucoma itself begins with an eye fluid called aquos humor produced by the ciliary body that flows from the back through the pupil to the front of the eye chamber and out of the corner of the eye chamber.
Aquos humor has the function of being a nutrient for the eyes, maintaining the shape of the eyeball and maintaining eye pressure. In patients with glaucoma, production and flow of humorous fluid are disrupted and eye pressure is increased.
In the same source, glaucoma is primary open-angle glaucoma and primary angle-closure glaucoma, both with different mechanisms.
Primary Glaucoma at Open AngleThis type of glaucoma mechanism is that the front corner of the eye is wide open, but there are obstacles to the system of expulsion of humor, so eye pressure increases, often does not exhibit certain symptoms unless that he has entered the advanced stage.
The symptoms usually slow down the vision. If it is already well advanced, the vision will look like a black frame or will often be called tunnel vision.
Primary Closed-Wing GlaucomaThe mechanism that occurs is the hurdle of humorous humor output due to the narrow angle of the front chamber. The narrow angle of the front chamber presents a risk of acute glaucoma attack.
Glaucoma causes factors
Quoted in Web MD, Monday (12/10/2018), explained that the causes of glaucoma are mostly adults over 40, but that adolescents, children and infants may also have glaucoma.
The main causes of glaucoma are:
- Have a family history of glaucoma
- Have a bad vision
- Have diabetes
- Take some steroid drugs, such as prednisone
- Having suffered eye trauma
- African American, Irish, Russian, Japanese, Hispanic, Inuit or Scandinavian
Symptoms of glaucoma
Glaucoma itself does not have certain symptoms. The first symptoms are usually peripheral loss, lateral vision and frontal vision.
Other symptoms are usually:
- See the halos around the lights
- Loss of vision
- Redness of the eyes
- Eyes that look foggy (especially in infants)
- Nausea or vomiting
- Irritated eyes
- Close frontal vision
Eye dropsGood for reducing fluid formation in the eyes or increasing the discharge rate, thus reducing eye pressure. Side effects may include allergies, redness, tingling, blurred vision, and irritated eyes. But you should consult a doctor before using it.
Laser surgeryThis procedure may increase eye fluid flow in people with open-angle glaucoma. Can stop fluid blockage if you have angle-closure glaucoma.
Micro surgeryDuring a surgical procedure called trabeculectomy, the doctor will create a new channel to drain the fluid and reduce the eye pressure.
The doctor can implant a tube to help drain the fluid. Surgery may result in temporary or permanent vision loss, as well as bleeding or infections.
This treatment procedure should be consulted first by a doctor so that we know which procedure is the right thing to do.