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Wretched Risk in Old and New Cars, Which Is Higher?

The hard body belonging to old cars does not guarantee the protection of passengers in a fatal accident. Old cars or cheap cars generally have only as limited safety devices as the seatbelt to kill dead people in the event of an accident.

Year after year, automakers are competing to add active and passive safety features to drivers and passengers.

Active safety technologies, such as Blind Spot Detector, Electronic Stability Control, Anti-lock Braking System, Emergency Brake Assist, and so installed to prevent accidents. Passive safety technologies, such as seat belts, airbags and deformation zones, reduce the risk of injury in the event of a collision.

A safety belt or seat belt restrains the body of the seat in case of a major impact. Without these devices, the driver's body can be thrown in all directions, so that the vital parts of the body, head, bust, feet, etc., collide with the construction of the car or even resonate. out of it.

In the presence of airbags, the striking force can be neutralized so as to reduce the pressure exerted on the passenger's body part. In this way, serious injuries can be avoided.

The airbags have three parts

The main collision sensors are connected to electronic control units (ECUs), inflators to explode nitrogen gas and airbags. The working mechanism starts when the car collides, the sensor sends information to the ECU to explode the nitrogen. Nitrogen allows the airbag to expand to become a cushion for the passengers in the car.

Davik Nugroho, Global Project Management and Engineering Processes Autoliv - manufacturing safety devices for vehicles - Airbags can develop very quickly. "In the event of an accident, the airbags expand in the space of 35 to 50 millennia or between 0.03 and 0.05 seconds very quickly," said Davik at the vehicle safety course organized by the Asean NCAP in Karawang, West Java.

Davik said the seat belt and airbag would significantly reduce the risk of injury if used together. It is not permitted to remove the seat belt, even if the car is equipped with an airbag. Reduce the risk of injury if the air bag expands, but if the passenger does not use a seat belt, the risk of pressing on the injury will be reduced.

Described in Transafety's "Journal of Road Traffic Prevention and Litigation" - Transportation and Road Safety Observers - the use of seatbelt without airbag can reduce the risk of road safety by 45% fatal accidents. The combination of seat belts and airbags increases the percentage reduction in the number of fatal accidents by 50%. On the other hand, the presence of airbags without seatbelt reduces the risk of mortality by 13%.

Improving the quality of vehicle safety?

The Road Safety Insurance Institute (IIHS) report "Improving Vehicle Design and Reducing Mortality", published in 2015, indicates that the probability of accidental death decreases, as do improvements in design and security technology. In 2012, the number of accident victims in the United States fell to 28 people per million registered vehicles. In 2009, the ratio was 48 people per million registered vehicles.

"This is a big increase in just three years, even though it is indeed influenced by economic factors (the purchasing power of cars equipped with safety devices is better) .We see in the vehicle evaluation program that the results of random testing are: getting better, "said David Zuby, Executive Vice President of IIHS.