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Know Chronic Kidney Disease, Characteristics and Treatment

The treatment of kidney failure ranks second in the funding of the Social Security Health Agency (BPJS) after heart disease in Indonesia. Health Minister Nila Moeloek revealed that BPJS Kesehatan had spent costs on treating kidney failure, which cost 4 billion rubles in BPJS funds.

He added that the high cost was due to dialysis demand for patients with kidney failure of up to one million rupees.


"Three million Indonesians suffer from kidney failure and nearly 4 trillion dollars spent, BPJS money is spent," Antara told Nila.

Chronic kidney disease sometimes has no signs or symptoms, but can become fatal. For office workers who rarely travel and drink less than two liters a day, the risk of kidney disease is certainly very real.

The kidneys are important organs that help maintain the blood composition. The operation of the kidneys prevents the accumulation of waste and regulates the balance of body fluids.

Another function is to maintain electrolyte levels such as stable sodium, potassium and phosphate. The kidneys also produce hormones and enzymes that help control blood pressure, make red blood cells and maintain strong bones.

Chronic kidney disease occurs when the kidneys function less than 15% of normal capacity.


In case of renal insufficiency, the blood can no longer be filtered. Residual substances and excess fluid accumulate in the body, and this condition is called uremia. Causes swelling of the hands and feet and makes a person tired and weak.

If left untreated, this condition can cause convulsions, coma and possibly death.

Some causes of chronic renal failure are also due to diabetes mellitus, hypertension, chronic glomerulonephritis, chronic intersecting nephritis, polycystic kidney failure, obstruction, urinary tract infections and kidney disease. 'obesity.


Some causes of chronic kidney failure, such as kidney stones, are due to unhealthy lifestyles, obesity and lack of exercise.


Kidney disease begins with a decrease in renal function, including signs of foaming urine, urinary volume and reduced frequency of urination, swelling in the ankles and around the eyes, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and weight loss.

Specialist in Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Medan's Adam Malik Hospital, Professor Harun Rasyid Lubis, Sp.PD-KGH, said kidney transplant or transplant is the ideal treatment for sufferers kidney failure because it allows for dialysis several times, said specialist in internal medicine.

"With this kidney transplant, patient healing will be faster and will not require dialysis, we know that for dialysis it can reach up to Rs 1 million per dialysis." They do it once a week It is estimated that one year can reach 100 rupees, millions of dollars in costs, "he said.

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