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Igniting Tourists Through Geothermal Attractions

There was once a girl who refused to be applied to a wealthy landlord with four wives. He chose to flee his parents' house for the forest so he could not find his presence again. The forest is now known as Kamojang Crater, which originates from the word "mojang" which means girl.

The Kamojang Crater in Garut, West Java, is an active volcanic crater.

The Kamojang crater has 23 craters that partially evacuate the smoke. During the visit of this area, visitors will be presented with large pipes, which are part of the geothermal power plant (PLTP) managed by PT Pertamina.

Not long ago, PT Pertamina Geothermal Energy (PGE) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Ministry of Tourism (Kemenpar) to strengthen the development of the Kamojang Crater as a geothermal tourism village.

"This is a manifestation of our concern for the independence of the community around the context of exploitation of society. We will continue to work in synergy with the Ministry of Tourism to develop local wisdom managed in the village of geothermal tourism, "said Irfan Zainuddin, chief executive officer of PGE.

Kamojang geothermal tourism includes those that are already operating and that are potentially global. This area is a knowledge center in the field of geothermal energy development with field laboratory facilities and the Geothermal Information Center (GIC). Geothermal tourism in Kamojang is a small part of the geothermal area in Indonesia that is developing seriously.

Great potential

The Kamojang crater is just one of the many geothermal areas in Indonesia. It is estimated that 256 locations of geothermal areas have been identified. This represents a huge potential, if one records the total number of 1,500 volcanoes still active in the world.

Especially in West Java, there are 52 potential geothermal sites. Most of these sites are only for the development of PLTP, whose total potential in West Java is 6,101 MW, including Kamojang. This can be proven by the ESDM (Resource Java Resource Resource) study conducted in 2013 on the 52 potential geothermal sites recommended for a single site, namely in the Ciheuras region, Tasikmalaya.

Some parts of Indonesia, such as South Solok Regency, West Sumatra, also store geothermal areas and can potentially become tourist attractions. In central Java, there is a Dieng plateau which is also transformed into PLTP center and natural tourism. In addition, the city of Tomohon, in northern Sulawesi, is beginning to be literate about the potential of geothermal tourism. The local government organized a geothermal festival at the Linou Lake tourist site last August. This region is also home to a geothermal museum in Lahendong, Southern Tomohon District.

What is being done in Tomohon and Garut is good news for the development of geothermal tourism in Indonesia.

Geothermal development is quite successful because tourism can refer to the experience of other countries. Some names, such as Hokaido and Akita Hotspring in Japan, The Vulkaneifel in Germany, The Blue Lagoon in Iceland and Geothermal Parks in New Zealand, are a series of geothermal tourism names that have become global.

In the United States (US), Yellowstone National Park is as global as geothermal with a caldera that features hot water attractions spouting from the bowels of the earth. At least 3 to 4 million travelers visit this place each year. Yellowstone is just one of 11 geothermal regions successfully developed by the United States. The United States has succeeded in presenting Yellowstone as a global "supervolcan" with more than 100 hot spots. While in Indonesia, the supervolcan is no less interesting, it is Lake Toba with its ancient volcanic lakes and geothermal areas.